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The concert cymbalom has replaced most of the smaller folk tsymbaly previously used in Ukrainian orchestras and in Academic Conservatory courses.These instruments are fully chromatic and have a range of over four octaves.The authors of those artistic merits were inhabitants of Carpathian highlands of Ivano-Frankivsk, Zakarpattya and Chernivtsi districts, as well as Pokuttia located between Prut, Dnister and Cheremosh rivers.
Tsymbaly playing is popular in Western Canada among the ethnic Ukrainian diaspora there.It spread to Romania, Moldavia, Hungary, Slovakia, Ukraine and Belarus, where a variety of regional folk versions and concert instruments were developed.These instruments differed in size, tuning, number of strings and method of holding and playing the hammers. It is a chordophone made up of a trapezoidal box with metal (steel or bronze) strings strung across it.
The tsymbaly is played by striking two beaters against the strings.The instrument spread in popularity among the population in the Carpathians in Southwestern Ukraine particularly among the Hutsuls and Bukovinians.